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History of the Raimondi enterprise

Cypselus cycle
The origins of RCM S.p.a. (Raimondi Construzione Macchine), as it is called today, go back to the end of the last century and are closely linked to the Raimondi family.  In 1899, in Parma, Ippolito Raimondi, the paternal grandfather of RCM's present owners, produced and marketed a complete range of 'modern bicycles' under the trademark of Cypselus.

Some models, like the 'chainless bicycle' with universal cardan shaft transmission or the 'novelty holiday bicycle' with different sized wheels, show how production was intent on finding innovative technical solutions.  At this time (1899) Ippolito was also representing the 'Ditta Societa Italiana Bernardi' di Padova which manufactured some of the most revolutionary automobiles that were then available.  Just think, Fiat was founded in the same year, 1899.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, Ippolito moved to Modena, to Carrozzeria Orlandi, which was also established in 1899, where he was put in charge of developing the design construction of an automobile.

Bicycle production continued for a few more years under one of Ippolito's four sounds, Romeo.  This went on until he too moved to Modena where he worked, first at the Gatti shell factory (1915-1918) and then for a short while in an automobile repair shop.

MR Train motorbike
In 1922 Romeo, with his partner Malagoli, set up the MR company to build motorcycles.

In 1925 MR produced three versions of motorbikes with TRAIN motors: 98 and 123 cc with 'Raimondi type' gradual gears which, as the advertisement announced ' lets you start from stationary as efficiently as with the best clutch'.

Between 1926 and 1928 about 100 motorcycles were produced.

Marine engine
In 1928 the company changed its name and the new Officina Meccanica Romeo Raimondi went into production of industrial motors.  Initially these were two-stroke and then, in 1932, four stroke.  In 1934 the RC Company of Raimondi and Caiumi was producing 13 types of pump motors for irrigation.  Some of these used diesel engines of 6, 10 and 15 CV.  1935 saw the start of Seacraft Motors which were a main feature of the company until the mid-sixties.  During this thirty-year period more than 20 models of diesel engines were built, from 10 to 100 CV, which  were used in various kinds of military seacraft, recreation boats and, especially, fishing boats covering a market that went down the Adriatic coast and included all of Sicily.

In tandem with the production of marine motors, 37 different types of industrial motors were also developed from 8 to 80 CV, air or water-cooled, for various different uses.  These included tractors, earthmoving machinery, internal transport, etc.  After the war production of complete machines started and these were obviously equipped with RC motors.  In 1946 the first Tractor was produced by using parts from the war which had 40 CV motors.

In the 1950's many of the components were produced in-house: pistons, bushings etc. and already, since before the war, RC had been among the first diesel engine constructors.  At the beginning of the fifties, RC developed advanced technology (motors with head valves) and was competing successfully with production from the giant Fiat.

Factory RC in Modena
The Leprotto with its 4 CV diesel engine was used for material handling in furnaces during this period.  In 1952/1953 production of the company's battle horse the Bruco began.  It was entirely constructed at the company.  This was a very imaginative machine featuring four drive wheels and tyres that could become tracks, but with no differential.  Over twenty years it was produced in four versions the 40, 45, 50 and 80 CV. 

Then, in 1956, the production of the R4 (35 CV) was started.  This was also a four wheel model with tyres that could become tracks and was marketed by F.lli Rossi of Bologna.  Three versions were produced the 15, 25 and 35 CV.  Besides this, which was their main production, RC continued with their creative spirit producing a series of specialised machines, including 50 and 80 CV motorised snow ploughs which were used initially by ANAS at the 1956 Cortina Winter Olympics.  One of these machines is still used at RCM S.p.a. during especially heavy snowfalls.  The P2 Loader was built following the Bruco concept  for use on building sites and in iron mines.  The L2 Motor Grader (1964) with 60 CV T 360 diesel engine was also based on the Bruco designed with four wheel drive.

The first RCM sweeper
Birth of RCM

In 1967 the Company moved to Casinalbo near Modena where the main factory and head office still operate under the name of RCM snc.  The Company, faced with overwhelming competition from national and foreign giants, became unable to compete adequately in terms of its production of marine motors and industrial motors and machines.

So in 1967 after experiencing the problem first hand of how to sweep the Casinalbo factory quickly and efficiently, the idea for a new specific machine was sparked off.  Following research into sweepers already on the market, the idea came up to produce an inexpensive model, a sweeper that was small enough to suit most Italian companies yet with high performance to handle heavy industrial debris. 

Thus the first RCM motor sweeper came into being, the R700 model, being a variation of a German design.

Shortly after this first design came the definitive technical features that are still valid today:

- rear loading hopper for heavy debris as well as dust
- reduction of bulk to a minimum
- cellulose filters
- excellent filtering and vacuum capacity.

The first R500 sweeper
So, in 1970, RCM created the R500 which was an absolutely new concept in size and construction.  The first R500 sweepers (one of which is still in perfect working order and is kept at the via Tiraboschi site) were delivered in 1971.  In the same way as Fiat Topolino made the car widely popular in Italy in the forties and fifties, so on a different scale, but in a similar way, the compact new RCM motorised sweeper made thousands of companies realise how useful mechanised cleaning could be.

The R500 was produced until 1991, totalling over 50,000 units, and made a fundamental contribution to the creation of a previously non-existent market, and benefiting the whole industrial cleaning sector.  Along with the small R500 there was development in the early seventies of two more extremely important models, and these, along with all other RCM powered sweepers from that moment on had rear hoppers.

During this time RCM, cushioned by the success of the first pedestrian-controlled powered sweeper, was already aware of the need for larger machines which could meet the specific demands made by the ceramic tile industry which is common in this area.

So the 'eternal' R850 came into being.  This powerful sweeper features the greatest sturdiness, handing and is extremely economic.

The R850 is still in very high demand, and it has survived to this day basically unchanged in its general design.

The growth of the Company has been steady.  Now that RCM feels confident in offering a line of well-tested machines (R500, R701, R850), it is expanding out of its local area and into the European market, broadening its range of products even more.

Initially this is with the R702, the first 70 cm ride-on sweeper and later with the larger R900 and R1250 models.

From the beginning of the eighties, RCM appears on the market as a well-established European company.  The creative spirit inherited from Romeo Raimondi is a constant feature in production.  In 1981, at the first PULIRE Exhibition (a renowned Italian Exhibition in this sector) organised by AFIDAMP, RCM introduces the R581.  After a decade of intense production of the R500 model and all the replicas which had invaded the market, RCM recognised the need to review its strategic section of the market.

The introduction of revolutionary panel filters, mechanisation of the controls and an angled platform (wedge line) to increase the hopper capacity, marked a turning point in the appearance of pedestrian controlled machines.  This highly valuable concept was the start of a revolution which lead to the Brava range, the star of the nineties.  The R581, like the R500, once again set an example that competitors copied, even down to the colour.

Pavement sweeper RX 918
In 1983 with the RCM range already consisting of seven different models, with main brushes from 50 to 1250 cm wide, the Modenese company was already aiming at an ambitious project - the construction of a sweeper to clean pedestrian walkways.

This was not to be an adaptation of an existing machine but an entirely new concept in design for urban working conditions.

After three prototype designs the RX 918 Swinger was presented at the 1986 INTERCLEAN Exhibition and aroused much interest due to its innovative applied technology and revolutionary design.

R702 Synergy
RCM was even a protagonist in its sector during the 90’s, highlighting its innovative calling and strengthening its sales organisation.

From the desire to focus all of its resources on this goal arose the need for a new and more modern corporate logo as well.

Therefore, at the end of 1990, RCM came up with a important project aimed at renewing the product range.

The new developments regarding all three categories of manufactured machinery (floor-based operator, on-board operator with manual dumping, on-board operator with hydraulic dumping) were numerous and of significant strategic importance.

The brava range
Directly descended from the original R500 and daughter of the R581, in 1991 the Brava revolutionised a sector of the market which was in its final stage due to competition devoid of technical substance.  The idea was simple and sprang from a desire to apply to sweepers the basic industrial production concept of keeping costs low while maintaining quality standards.

What sets the Brava apart from other sweepers is the so-called shell structure of the ABS hopper, a single component with a dual function, being a refuse container and a cover for the filter compartment.  The simplification of the construction also made it much easier to produce industrially, for example by making the body section from formed sheets.

However, the Brava project did not limit itself to one model, the same construction techniques were extended to the Brava 600, Brava 700 and Fyonda.  The Brava 600 and Brava 700 were based on the Brava which allowed maximum use of common parts which differed only in size.
The Fyonda, a new ride-on sweeper with manual dump, was also part of the Brava series with an entirely new tubular frame capable of holding the entire vacuum/brush unit of the Brava 700 model.

Meanwhile, during 1992, RCM had introduced two more very important models, the R703 and R855.  These are both ride-on sweepers, the first with manual dump the second with hydraulic high dump, which develop the traditional concepts of visibility and performance while paying extra attention to safety and confining noise levels.

R703 sack
During the same period RCM introduced onto the market a unique sweeper that set a new standard in cleaning quality and dust control, the R703 SACK, the first and only machine that puts all the debris and dust swept up directly into a standard plastic sack, eliminating dust raised during the emptying of the hopper.

An innovation that upgraded no only the sweepers level of cleaning but also helped the environment and protected the health of workers.

Atom, Boxer, Mille, Duemila

Between 1995 and 2000, RCM worked hard to create a complete new range of Sweepers. The compact ATOM 70cm was designed as an alternative to a walk behind machine, whereas the BOXER, MILLE and DUEMILA models with a cleaning range between 80 to 120cm were designed to target larger indoor and outdoor areas.

The new RCM machines were presented for the first time at Issa Interclean 2000 and proved to be another example of how the combination of a good idea and strong willed manufacturing can lead to high quality products.

The legendary sturdiness and reliability are complimented with a contemporary and ergonomic design.

LB 530, LB 660, Metro

Scrubber Dryers
Back in 1985, RCM were already manufacturing their own line of walk behind Scrubber Dryers with a membrane tank and an advanced battery access system with opening compartments.
Regarding the large ride-on machine range, RCM marketed custom-made machines and came up with a new design in 2000. That machine was the METRO, with a 280 litre capacity and a 100cm cleaning width, which was the start of successful career that would ensure its production well into the new millennium.

Mark I, Mark II, Drive

Interclean 2000
In the new millennium, RCM started a new development stage with a presentation at Issa Interclean 2000 of a completely new Scrubber Dryer range which was the result of great organisational and financial effort aimed at repositioning RCM at the height of market competitiveness.
During 2001/2002, the scrubber dryer manufacturing process consolidated and developed, setting the stage for the final completion of the range.

Jumbo, Go

New models were presented at Pulire 2003. Firstly, the INOX series of Scrubber Dryers for the food industry along with the Mark I (roller). The GO was then launched onto the market, this was a smaller scrubber with exceptional drying power and working time features. Last but not least, the ride-on JUMBO Scrubber Dryer was placed side by side with the powerful METRO.

Alfa, Slalom, Otto, Nove

Between 2002 and 2006, RCM further renewed and extended their range of Sweepers. The ALFA, a small walk behind scrubber with two counter rotating rolls designed for both removing dirt and moving the machine forward (SMART TRACTION).
There were also another four new small to medium ride-on scrubbers, namely; ATOM and ATOM PLUS, a less expensive option to the famous R703 in the 70cm range, designed for heavier cleaning.

The SLALOM which is the smallest ride-on scrubber, with a battery for indoor areas only.

The OTTO and NOVE machines (80 and 90cm wide) control the market segment which features high quality products at reduced prices.


Street Sweepers

The experience gained in the urban sector with the Coro 140 City and the RX 918 lead to the creation of the RONDA (presented at ISSA Interclean 2000). The compact sweeper was designed for cleaning historic City Centres by means of an exclusive, silent, anti-dust system which was able to retain the PM10.


In 2008, RCM presented the PATROL, a compact vacuum sweeper that was also available in a Scrubber Dryer version.


In 2006, the ride-on Scrubber Dryer range was enriched with the introduction of the ELAN, an extremely compact sweeper that features an easily replaceable battery and driving controls at the steering wheel.

The Scrubber Dryer range was extended further in 2007 with the launch of the BYTE, a small machine that would start a new generation of machinery named after information technology units such as BIT, MEGA, TERA, according to their size.


BIT was the result of a collaboration between RCM and GHIBLI, and is an extremely quick and efficient micro-machine for any small cleaning jobs.

MEGA I - MEGA II - 2010
These machines marked the start of the machine renewal stage which started in 2000 and set the parameters for the development of future RCM Scrubber Dryers.


COMBO - 2013
The only type of Scrubber Dryer missing from the RCM range was a “combined” version and in 2010 the Company decided to fill this gap with the COMBO. An extremely compact machine, it can sweep, wash and dry simultaneously. It is a high performance machine targeted for the larger usage market thanks to its efficiency and reliable features.


R850 - 2013
The R850 machine is now included in the RCM range and offers high cleaning performance at a reduced cost, which is a common requirement in these difficult economic times. But it still goes without saying that the R850 offers the sturdiness and reliability of all RCM sweepers.

Zero system

Zero System - 2013
Since Mid-December 2013 some RCM machines commissioned by HERA have been operating in the centre of Bologna for the care and cleaning of arcades and pedestrian areas. The machine tasked with this cleaning is the BRAVA 800, which is carried on an electric assisted tricycle which moves it around the city centre, therefore, considerably widening the cleaning area. It operates with no exhaust emissions and without making too much noise, spreading dust or disrupting the City’s activities. All this is performed with no effort and with a working schedule of six to eight hours as the electric engines of both the tricycle and the sweeper are fed by lithium batteries, whose charge is maintained by PV panels placed on the tricycles lid. It is no coincidence that the ZERO SYSTEM model - better known as “Biciclino” (little bicycle) amongst the citizens of Bologna – has been designed by RCM, a World leading Company, which for over twenty years have focused their activities on urban cleaning. 


TERA 2014
The Tera inherits sturdiness and reliability from the METRO and introduces a strong precedence that makes it an advanced machine amongst the scrubber dryers for the following reasons, workload, variety of versions, stability and traction, drying, reliability and low maintenance.
In addition, it is fitted with a system which enables it to be customized to suit varying types of environments and workloads.

Macroclean M60

Macroclean M60 - 2014
With the design of the MACROCLEAN, RCM take a relevant step in repositioning itself on the World market of industrial and urban cleaning.
With Macroclean M60, which was shown to the public at PULIRE OUTDOOR 2015, RCM became one of the top seven “full range” manufacturers of large machines with a complete range of industrial sweepers, scrubber dryers and street sweepers in the World.

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